Portugal's musical tradition began in the 15th century when songs (cantigas) written by court troubadours were set to music. Early in the 16th century the cathedral in Coimbra became a center for the composition of polyphonic music and produced several composers of note. Portugal's musical tradition was carried throughout the Portuguese overseas empire. The playwright Gil Vicente used incidental music in his religious plays, some of which could be described as protomusicals. Until the 17th century, musical training was controlled by the Catholic Church, and the clergy dominated the field of composition. During this 18th century, Portuguese mon-archs lavished money and attention on music teachers and composers, which gave Portugal the best and liveliest court music anywhere in Europe. During the period, the Italian Domenico Scarlatti was court choirmaster, which infused Portuguese church music and opera with the Neapolitan style. A Portuguese, João de Sousa Carvalho, was one of the most popular composers of opera and musical drama in Europe during the second half of the 18th century.
   Perhaps the best-known Portuguese composer is João Domingos Bomtempo. Bomtempo wrote music in the classical style and, as head of the National Academy of Music, assured that the classical style remained integral to Portuguese music until well into the Romantic era. Gradually, Romantic music from Europe was accepted, having been introduced by Alfredo Keil, a Portuguese painter, musician, and opera composer of German descent. Portugal's only Romantic composer of note, Keil wrote the music for A Portuguesa, the official Portuguese national anthem since 1911.
   The most widely known musical form of Portugal is the fado. Meaning fate, fado is singing that expresses a melancholic longing intermingled with sadness, regret, and resignation. There are at least two variations of fado: the Lisbon fado and the Coimbra or university student fado. Its origins are hotly debated. The most famous Portuguese fado singer was Amália Rodrigues (1920-99); presently, Mariza holds that claim.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • MUSIC-N — refers to a family of computer music programs and programming languages descended from or influenced by MUSIC, a program written by Max Mathews in 1957 at Bell Labs.[1] MUSIC was the first computer program for generating digital audio waveforms… …   Wikipedia

  • Music On! TV — M On! Music On! TV Logo Launched July 1, 1994 Owned by Music On! TV, Inc., a division of Sony Music Entertainment Japan, Inc.[1 …   Wikipedia

  • Music — Mu sic, n. [F. musique, fr. L. musica, Gr. ? (sc. ?), any art over which the Muses presided, especially music, lyric poetry set and sung to music, fr. ? belonging to Muses or fine arts, fr. ? Muse.] 1. The science and the art of tones, or musical …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Music & Me — Studioalbum von Michael Jackson Veröffentlichung 13. April 1973 Label Motown …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MUSIC/SP — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Music. MUSIC ( McGill University System for Interactive Computing ) a été développé par le centre de calcul de l’Université McGill à Montréal. Les initiateurs de ce projet ont été Alan Greenberg et Roy Miller qui …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Music & PC — Beschreibung Fachmagazin Fachgebiet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Music 4 — is a creator of custom music for media and production libraries. It has worked with many TV and radio stations in the United Kingdom, including BBC Radio 1 and ITV. The company produces the majority of the jingles for the Chris Moyles show on… …   Wikipedia

  • Music & PC — Music PC Beschreibung Fachmagazin Fachgebiet Computer und Musik Sprache …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Music '60 — Genre music variety Written by John Aylesworth Saul Ilson Frank Peppiatt Directed by Bill Davis Presented by Bill Walker Country of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Music —    Music was heard in the Cathédrale des Saints Michel et Gudule as early as 1362. Beginning in 1486, the church installed a singing master who oversaw production of song and voice. Musical production largely paralleled the presence and prestige… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Music K-8 — magazine is a music resource magazine for teachers of students in grades K 8. History Music K 8 magazine is published by Plank Road Publishing, which was founded in an old farmhouse on logically enough Watertown Plank Road, in Wauwatosa,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.